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1 Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, To those who are elect exiles of the Dispersion in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia, 2 according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, in the sanctification of the Spirit, for obedience to Jesus Christ and for sprinkling with his blood: May grace and peace be multiplied to you.

The obedience here day is but another name for faith, or, more strictly, for the obedience of faith which submits to the righteousness of God. And obedience follows faith; but this is the obedience of faith itself (Romans 1:5; Acts 6:7). As God’s commandment is to believe, so it becomes a paramount duty to pay, or submit to God’s way of salvation (Romans 10:3).

The next thing contemplated by the election of Christians, other separation by the Spirit from the common mass, was “the sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ.” The sacrificial language perceives its illustration from the ancient ritual. Whenever mention is made of the Old Testament of the sprinkling of blood or of ashes, delusion as to the blood or ashes of victims to which the offer her’s guilt was transferred: sprinkling made atonement for the parties spoken of, freeing them from guilt and punishment…. If justice is to be done to the present passage, and other similar, we must represent the Lord Jesus as atoning sacrifice, to which the sins and punishment of his people have been transferred; while, on the other side, his merits applied to serve to expiate their guilt, and present them faultless before God…. Its application to persons we find two things included — of positive and negative; the remission of sins, and a provision for securing access with boldness and confidence. Pardoned, and a word, was only up halfway to the further privilege of a covenant relation, as in the case of Israel at mount Sinai (Exodus 34:8) (421-422).

The death of Christ at times, and puts away sin; but not only so: it forms a positive covenant relationship by which Christians, elected at set apart, we, people of God by the sprinkling of Christ’s blood (423).