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The piel of the related verb provides a few additional examples of such an emotion:

Pielקִנֵּא—(1) to be jealous (from the redness with which the face is suffused); followed by an acc. of the wife, Num. 5:14; followed by בְּ of a woman who is a rival, Gen. 30:1. Causat. i.q. Hiphil, to excite any one’s jealousy and anger, followed by בְּ with anything, Deu. 32:21; 1 Ki. 14:22.

(2) to envy any one, followed by בְּ of pers. Gen. 37:11; Ps. 37:1; 73:3; Pro. 23:17; 24:1, 19; followed by an acc. Gen. 26:14; Isa. 11:13; followed by לְ Ps. 106:16.

(3) to burn with zeal for any person or thing (ζηλόω).—(a) followed by לְ to be zealous for any one’s cause (eifern für jem.), Num. 25:11, 13; 2 Sam. 21:2; 1 Ki. 19:10.—(b) to envy any one; followed by בְּ Prov. 3:31.

Hiphil, causat., to excite jealousy (see Piel No. 1), Deut. 32:16, 21; Ps. 78:58.

Derivatives, קַנָּא, קַנּוֹא, קִנְאה.

 

Wilhelm Gesenius and Samuel Prideaux Tregelles, Gesenius’ Hebrew and Chaldee Lexicon to the Old Testament Scriptures (Bellingham, WA: Logos Bible Software, 2003), 734-35.

The uses of the verb read:

Human envy and jealousy:

Gen 26:14

 

וַֽיְהִי־ל֤וֹ מִקְנֵה־צֹאן֙ וּמִקְנֵ֣ה בָקָ֔ר וַעֲבֻדָּ֖ה רַבָּ֑ה וַיְקַנְא֥וּ אֹת֖וֹ פְּלִשְׁתִּֽים׃

 

He had possessions of flocks and herds and many servants, so that the Philistines envied him.

 

Gen 30:1

 

וַתֵּ֣רֶא רָחֵ֗ל כִּ֣י לֹ֤א יָֽלְדָה֙ לְיַעֲקֹ֔ב וַתְּקַנֵּ֥א רָחֵ֖ל בַּאֲחֹתָ֑הּ וַתֹּ֤אמֶר אֶֽל־יַעֲקֹב֙ הָֽבָה־לִּ֣י בָנִ֔ים וְאִם־אַ֖יִן מֵתָ֥ה אָנֹֽכִי׃

 

When Rachel saw that she bore Jacob no children, she envied her sister. She said to Jacob, “Give me children, or I shall die!”

 

Gen 37:11

 

וַיְקַנְאוּ־ב֖וֹ אֶחָ֑יו וְאָבִ֖יו שָׁמַ֥ר אֶת־הַדָּבָֽר׃

 

And his brothers were jealous of him, but his father kept the saying in mind.

 

Num 5:14

 

וְעָבַ֨ר עָלָ֧יו רֽוּחַ־קִנְאָ֛ה וְקִנֵּ֥א אֶת־אִשְׁתּ֖וֹ וְהִ֣וא נִטְמָ֑אָה אֹו־עָבַ֨ר עָלָ֤יו רֽוּחַ־קִנְאָה֙ וְקִנֵּ֣א אֶת־אִשְׁתּ֔וֹ וְהִ֖יא לֹ֥א נִטְמָֽאָה׃

 

and if the spirit of jealousy comes over him and he is jealous of his wife who has defiled herself, or if the spirit of jealousy comes over him and he is jealous of his wife, though she has not defiled herself,

 

Num 5:30

 

א֣וֹ אִ֗ישׁ אֲשֶׁ֨ר תַּעֲבֹ֥ר עָלָ֛יו ר֥וּחַ קִנְאָ֖ה וְקִנֵּ֣א אֶת־אִשְׁתּ֑וֹ וְהֶעֱמִ֤יד אֶת־הָֽאִשָּׁה֙ לִפְנֵ֣י יְהוָ֔ה וְעָ֤שָׂה לָהּ֙ הַכֹּהֵ֔ן אֵ֥ת כָּל־הַתּוֹרָ֖ה הַזֹּֽאת׃

 

or when the spirit of jealousy comes over a man and he is jealous of his wife. Then he shall set the woman before the Lord, and the priest shall carry out for her all this law.

 

 

Ps 37:1

 

לְדָוִ֨ד׀ אַל־תִּתְחַ֥ר בַּמְּרֵעִ֑ים אַל־תְּ֝קַנֵּ֗א בְּעֹשֵׂ֥י עַוְלָֽה׃

 

Of David. Fret not yourself because of evildoers; be not envious of wrongdoers!

 

Ps 73:3

 

כִּֽי־קִ֭נֵּאתִי בַּֽהוֹלְלִ֑ים שְׁל֖וֹם רְשָׁעִ֣ים אֶרְאֶֽה׃

 

For I was envious of the arrogant when I saw the prosperity of the wicked.

 

 

 

 

Ps 106:16

 

וַיְקַנְא֣וּ לְ֭מֹשֶׁה בַּֽמַּחֲנֶ֑ה לְ֝אַהֲרֹ֗ן קְד֣וֹשׁ יְהוָֽה׃

 

When men in the camp were jealous of Moses and Aaron, the holy one of the Lord,

 

Prov 3:31

 

אַל־תְּ֭קַנֵּא בְּאִ֣ישׁ חָמָ֑ס וְאַל־תִּ֝בְחַ֗ר בְּכָל־דְּרָכָֽיו׃

 

Do not envy a man of violence and do not choose any of his ways,

 

Prov 23:17

 

אַל־יְקַנֵּ֣א לִ֭בְּךָ בַּֽחַטָּאִ֑ים כִּ֥י אִם־בְּיִרְאַת־יְ֝הוָ֗ה כָּל־הַיּֽוֹם׃

 

Let not your heart envy sinners, but continue in the fear of the Lord all the day.

 

Prov 24:1

 

אַל־תְּ֭קַנֵּא בְּאַנְשֵׁ֣י רָעָ֑ה וְאַל־ תִּ֝תְ֯אָ֗ו לִהְי֥וֹת אִתָּֽם׃

 

Be not envious of evil men, nor desire to be with them,

 

Prov 24:19

 

אַל־תִּתְחַ֥ר בַּמְּרֵעִ֑ים אַל־תְּ֝קַנֵּ֗א בָּרְשָׁעִֽים׃

 

Fret not yourself because of evildoers, and be not envious of the wicked,

 

[I have not included any verses entailing either one’s jealousy for the Lord (or the things of the Lord) or the Lord’s jealousy for his people. Longman, “There is no doubt a positive side to jealousy, but only in terms of two relationships: the divine-human …and the marriage relationship. …These are the only two relationships that allow, indeed require, exclusivity. Jealousy is to be eschewed in all other relationships ….”  (Ecclesiastes, 137).]

The first three examples demonstrate the envy of those against the one favored by God. First, the people of Gerar are envious of Isaac (Gen. 26:14). Rachel is envious of the Lord blessing Leah with children (Gen. 30:1,  and see 29:31, “Now the Lord saw that Leah was unloved, and he opened her womb”). Joseph was envied by his brothers: Genesis 37:11.

The Psalms provide some interesting commentary.  In Psalm 37:1 David warns that we must not envy evildoers. Evil doers apparently have received some blessing from God, but this blessing is illusory:

1 Fret not yourself because of evildoers; be not envious of wrongdoers! 2 For they will soon fade like the grass and wither like the green herb. Psalm 37:1–2 (ESV)

In Psalm 73, Asaph mistakenly envies the evildoear (73:3), until he also learns that they are actually under the judgment of God (73:17-18). The Proverbs warn against envy of the evildoer:

19 Fret not yourself because of evildoers, and be not envious of the wicked, 20 for the evil man has no future; the lamp of the wicked will be put out. Proverbs 24:19–20 (ESV)

The passage of Ecclesiastes thus provides within it the basis for passing beyond envy: First, God is sovereign over all things (3:11 & 14). Second, human justice is necessarily fallible (3:16). Third, God will judge (3:17). Fourth, we should take pleasure in what God has given to us (3:12-13).

Jay Adams advises, “The thing to do when you discover envy is to probe to see if the counselee is focused on this world and this life rather than on God. If God is his goal and it is for eternity that he is living then there should be little or no envy over things that others acquire” (Life Under the Son).

Proverbs 23:17 succinctly explains:

Let not your heart envy sinners, but continue in the fear of the Lord all the day.