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כִּ֛י בָּ֥א הַחֲל֖וֹם בְּרֹ֣ב עִנְיָ֑ן

For comes the dream by means of/in much busyness.

“The use of the article is generic” (Longman, 149).

The beth marks the means of causation for the dreams:

3. Realizes an action by indicating one of the following:

(i) Instrument—the so-called beth instrumenti

    a.      Non-human instrument

בַּשֵּׁבֶט יַכּוּ עַל־הַלְּחִי

אֵת שֹׁפֵט יִשְׂרָאֵל׃

‍With a rod they strike upon the cheek the ruler of Israel (Mic. 4:14).‍

Christo Van der Merwe, Jackie Naudé, Jan Kroeze et al., A Biblical Hebrew Reference Grammar, electronic ed. (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1999), 281-82.

Seow translates busyness as “preoccupation”. He notes that the noun only occurs in Ecclesiastes. In post-biblical Hebrew it “has the nuance of something that causes anxiety” (Seow, 121).


וְק֥וֹל כְּסִ֖יל בְּרֹ֥ב דְּבָרִֽים

And the voice of a fool in many words.