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Derek Thomas
2 Peter 1:16–21 (ESV)

16 For we did not follow cleverly devised myths when we made known to you the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but we were eyewitnesses of his majesty. 17 For when he received honor and glory from God the Father, and the voice was borne to him by the Majestic Glory, “This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased,” 18 we ourselves heard this very voice borne from heaven, for we were with him on the holy mountain. 19 And we have the prophetic word more fully confirmed, to which you will do well to pay attention as to a lamp shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star rises in your hearts, 20 knowing this first of all, that no prophecy of Scripture comes from someone’s own interpretation. 21 For no prophecy was ever produced by the will of man, but men spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit.

John Wesley said, If there is one error in the Bible, there may as well be a thousand. If there is one falsehood, it did not come from the God of truth.

I believe that. I was 18; math, physics major
At 18, my best friend sent me a copy of Stott, Basic Christianity. Within a few days I was on my knees asking God to save me. The text in that book that came to me like a hammer: Come to me all ye who are weary and heavy laden and I will give you rest.

I was at RTS when Lindsell came out. It was a required text.

What is the Bible. 750,000 words in Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek, poetry, letters, sermons, treaties, travel narratives, Gospel, apocalyptic, songs, prayers, inventories, et cetera. All of it God’s breathed-out Word, the breath of God.

All Scripture is God breathed out; it is the breath that you can see. When God breathes out what do you get? Scripture.

Peter is writing out in the midst of false teachers of immoral lives

Three Things:

What does Peter say the Bible is?

God’s Word written through human instrumentality.
Men spoke from God.
Men from various backgrounds, different style, different
Paul always right about everything. Can you imagine going up to Paul asking him whether he has an opinion about something and he says, “I don’t know.”
Examples of all the differences of styles and structures throughout the Scripture.

Revelation is not flat. It is progressive and developmental. Even within a single man. Compare Paul in Galatians and 2 Timothy. He has not changed any theology but he writes differently.

Compare 1 & 2 Peter.
Men wrote the Bible. You can see them and hear them, their personalities and backgrounds.

But you can’t apply to err is human.

How is the Bible Written Through Human Instrumentality
No prophecy comes from one’s own interpretation. It does not come from someone making it up. Even if we limit this to specific interpretations, he is making the point that it is part of Scripture. These prophecies are true because they are Scripture.

No prophecy was ever produced: source. In v. 17 the source of the voice was heavenly.

Men spoke as they were carried along; like the ship in Acts 27 was driven along by the wind. The motion of the ship has everything to do with the wind.

Somehow the men’s personalities are seen and yet they were carried along so that they would write what God intends for them to write. When Scripture speaks, God speaks.

Issue: Is this dictation? No & yes. At times there was dictation: the ten commandments, the 7 letters in Revelation. Sometimes wrote with astonishing informality. Hebrews 2, It is has been testified somewhere.

How can God superintend men to bring about inerrant Scripture? By a doctrine of providence. It is as God accomplishes his will with human beings in any other category of life.

“Denials of inerrancy are eruptions of pride in rebellion to the sovereignty of God in the life of a human being.”

Human instrumentality through the Sovereign intention of God throughout all its production. The Bible is as God intends it to be.

To What Extent Can we Be Certain that the Bible is God’s Word Written?

Men spoke from God: that’s the Bible’s view of itself.
Peter is first of all speaking of the OT. But you turn to 2 Peter 3 and Paul’s writing is hard to understand. [I don’t understand what Paul is talking about with women’s head coverings]. Paul is on the level of Scripture. Peter is already recognizes the authority of Paul’s writing.

Today we are facing the contention of human language to convey divine truth. Post modernism’s attack on words; words are unable to contain divine truth. But Peter says the language contains divine truth.

God speaks. We are in the image of God. We have the innate capacity to understand the truth. We may suppress it, but it gets through.

Why do I believe the Bible to be the Word of God? Jesus. When Jesus speaks, God speaks. He is divine & human; there is only one “he”. When Jesus speaks the Second Person of the Trinity speaks.

The Bible is God’s Word in men’s mouths.
Everything to which it speaks, however incidental is true.

Notice how the NT picks up on incidentals of the OT are picked up. Constant small details are recounted and used.

Matt 22/Mark 12 authorship of Psalm 110 as David. The superscription is the basis of the argument.

Those who argue
The Bible is divine spirated and exactly as God intends it to be — and contains all sorts of human (intended) errors.
Peter, Men wrote as they were carried along by the Spirit. The relationship between the divine & human authorship is not symmetrical — just as it in all of God’s Providence:
Think of how great the Mount of Transfiguration. You think the way to be sure is an experience, a vision; Paul in 2 Corinthians 12. But Peter says, You have all the certainty you need right here in the Holy Scriptures.

to which you will do well to pay attention as to a lamp shining in a dark place

What happens after night? Dawn. The day star rising, the Second Coming.

What have you got to help you through all of life’s difficulties? The Bible, to which you will do well to pay attention.

I have such a propensity in my hear to accommodate my sins. Heresy brings in immorality; immortality brings heresy. Are you tempted in your exposition to take the softer line because you conscience condemns you and your heart condemns you? You will do well to pay attention to Holy Scripture. It’s all you’ve got; and it’s all you need.

Our charge is believe that every word is fire.