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Nevertheless, the DSM-5 and the like fall short of describing physiologically verifiable trouble in two important ways. First, the diagnosis is based on theory that does not include a theological vision of humanity, which understand people to be active spiritual agents made to reflect the righteous personhood of an unseen God. DSM-5, therefore, defines dysfunction primarily in terms of what is distressing to the individual or harmful to others. The observations are not simple, are acknowledgements of truth, but interpreted according to a framework of belief. That is not a problem in itself, of course. However, the short-sighted beliefs of any culture constantly change, thus shifting opinion of what should be considered distressing or harmful. Second, no amount of neurobiological ingenuity in medical treatment can overcome the corruption of living in a fallen world. Physiological troubles will never be eliminated in this world, but Christians can respond to them in faith.

Jeremy Pierre, The Dynamic Heart in Daily Life: Connecting Christ to Human Experience (Greensboro, NC: New Growth Press, 2016), 99.